At present, China's main coal circulation model is as follows:
At present, the total number of coal circulation enterprises in China is about 100,000, which is small. This is mainly due to the scattered distribution of coal production and consumption enterprises in China and the low concentration of industries, which provides a living space for coal circulation service providers of different scales. At present, the country is vigorously promoting the integration of coal mining enterprises, and the coal circulation market will also tend to concentrate, which will gradually increase the market entry barriers for coal circulation enterprises, and the living space of small-scale coal circulation enterprises will continue to shrink, large-scale, cross-regional circulation. Service providers will become mainstream.
As China's coal production is concentrated in the western and northern regions, and coal consumption is concentrated in the eastern and southern regions, the coal production base is far away from the consumption center, and China's coal circulation is in the pattern of "Western Coal East Transportation" and "Northern Coal South Transportation". Long, and across different regions, requires a variety of modes of transportation (road, rail, sea, river transport) to continue, therefore, transportation has become a key link in China's coal circulation. China's coal transportation is mainly based on railway, water transport and highway. The railway has become the main mode of coal land transportation because of its large capacity, fast speed, low cost and low energy consumption. At present, about 64.3% of the coal transportation volume is based on railway transportation, and coal is also the largest cargo volume occupied by railways, accounting for 55.1% of China's railway transportation capacity. It is mainly produced in Shanxi, Shaanxi and Mengxi. "On the main transportation route, the proportion of railway transportation capacity occupied by coal transportation is as high as 90%. In the future, the railway will still play an important role in the transportation of coal. According to the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” for the development of the coal industry, in 2015, the national coal railway transportation demand will be 2.6 billion tons. Considering the imbalance of railways, ports, production and consumption, it requires railway capacity of 2.8 billion to 3 billion tons. Therefore, the ability to obtain stable and sufficient railway capacity is one of the competitive advantages of coal circulation enterprises.
Folding the distribution of coal in China
China is rich in coal resources, mainly distributed in Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Henan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Xinjiang and other provinces.
In 2012, China has verified the coal reserves of 113 billion tons.
From January to December 2007, China's coal mining and washing industry achieved a total industrial output value of 916,447,509,000 yuan, an increase of 28.06% over the same period of the previous year. From January to November 2008, China's coal mining and washing industry achieved a total industrial output value of 1,282,094,591,000 yuan, an increase of 55.96% over the same period of the previous year.